Hedge fund interviews are much less structured than other financial services interviews, such as investment banking, management consulting, etc. Typically, first round interviews at a hedge fund consists of 2-3 thirty-minute interviews with portfolio managers and/or senior analysts. These interviews are typically behavioral. The first few rounds are meant to weed out most of the personalities and backgrounds that do not fit the firms.
Hedge fund portfolio managers want to see these qualities:
- Are you a normal human being?
- Will you work hard for us?
- Will you make us money?
- Do you know how to pick good investments?
Understanding how to pitch both long & short investments is the most important skill to have. This cannot be stressed enough. One one-page case study and two full-blown case studies are provided below, but every situation is different. You will need to see multile case studies, which we will review further in chapters to come.
Generally, hedge fund technical questions are the same questions investment bankers receive but tend to be a bit more accounting focused. If you need to brush up on technical interviewing skills, try the Street of Walls Investment Banking Technical Interview guide on the website.
Hedge Fund Interview Questions (Behavioral)
- Tell me about yourself. Walk me through your resume.
- Why do you want to work for a hedge fund?
- Do you have an industry preference?
- What do you plan to do in the next 5-10 years?
- Have you had a performance review? What did it say?
- What skills do you feel are transferable to this industry?
- What separates you from other candidates?
- Why are you working in your current industry?
- Do you plan on going to business school? Why or why not?
- Why do you want to work for our firm in particular? What is attractive about our firm?
- What would you say are our firm’s strengths and weaknesses?
- What skills do you bring to our firm?
- Why do you think you’ll be successful as a hedge fund analyst?
- What do you invest in?
- What do you think of the markets in general right now?
- If you could invest in anything, anywhere in the world right now, what would that be?
- Do you own any stocks or do any non-work related investing?
- Who is your favorite portfolio manager?
- What books are you currently reading?
- What happened when you worked with a team and one member wasn’t contributing? How did you respond?
- What happens when you face more work than you can handle?
- What are you biggest strengths? Biggest weaknesses?
- What are the easiest decisions for you?
- Are you risk-averse or do you like taking risk?
- What would your work colleagues say about you?
- Who else are you interviewing with?
- If you had $100,000 to invest, where would you put it?
- Do you have a Personal Account? What stocks do you own?
- Give me a long idea. Give me a short idea.
- How do you screen for stocks? What is your holding period?
- What is the Federal Funds Rate?
- What do you think of the economy?
- Where do you think interest rates are going? What is driving them?
- What does the yield curve look like and what does it mean?
- What has been happening in the market the past six months?
- What do you read to find out your news? Wall Street Journal? The New York Times?
- What is Duration? What is Convexity?
- What does the term delta mean? What does Alpha mean?
- What is meant by the term “securities lending”?
Hedge Fund Interview Questions (Technical)
- What is EBITDA?
- Walk me through the major line items of a Cash Flow Statement.
- Say you knew a company’s net income. How would you figure out its cash flows?
- What is the difference between the balance sheet and the income statement?
- What is Goodwill? How does it affect Net Income? NOTE: there is a basic answer to this question, a complex, tricky one as well.
- A firm is using LIFO, the COGS start decreasing. What are effects on I/S, BS and CFS?
- What is the difference between Purchase and Pooling accounting? Under what circumstances would you use one or the other?
- What are deferred taxes? How do they arise?
- What is working capital? How would you calculate it?
Financial Market Questions:
- What did our firm’s stock close at yesterday?
- What is the DJIA at today? NASDAQ? S&P500? Long Bond? Fed funds rate?
- Where is the market going? Bond, equity and foreign exchange? Where do you think?
- What do you think interest rates will be in the next 12 months?
- What happened in the markets in the past three months?
- Do you read the Wall Street Journal everyday? What is on the front page today?
- Do you follow an industry, a stock?
- What do personally invest in?
- What industry do you follow and what numbers do you look at to determine if a firm is doing well in the industry?
- Do you know what the difference between a put and a call option is?
- What determines the premium you place on growth stocks relative to their peers?
- You have three companies in three different industries: retail, tech, and pharma. What would you look for in their 10-Ks beyond financials?
Bonds / NPV:
- If you are paid a dollar a year for the rest of your life, how much is that worth today?
- How much is a dollar in 20 years worth today?
- What is the relationship between the yield and the price of the bond?
- How does the future value of money relates to the present value (i.e. FV=PV(1+r)^t)?
- What major factors affect the yield on a corporate bond?
- What is the Black-Scholes model?
- How does the yield curve look like?
- You have a 10% note maturing in five years trading at 70. What is the current yield?
- Define the difference between the “yield” and the “rate of return” on a bond.
Brainteasers / Random Questions:
- How many Hershey’s chocolate bars were sold in the U.S. last year?
- If you look at a clock and the time is 3:15, what is the angle between the hour and the minute hands?
- You have a five-gallon jug and a three-gallon jug. You must obtain exactly four gallons of water. How will you do it?
- You are faced with two doors. One door leads to your job offer (the one you want!), and the other leads to the exit. In front of each door is a guard. One guard always tells the truth. The other always lies. You can ask one question to decide which door is the correct one. What will you ask?
- I am drinking beer and you are drinking light beer. Your light beer is 1/3 less filling than my regular beer. I drink 3 beers. How many do you have to drink to be equally full?